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Forest Fire Information System (FFIS)

For the prevention of forest fire events and reduction of their damages, this GIS System contributes to recording and accumulation of forest fire history data and data analysis and dissemination for the prevention and early warnings of forest fire by providing an integrated information system with GPS technology maps to show meteorological conditions, fire hot spots (using satellites), vegetation, aridity, assessed fire risk index, and fire history.

FFIS is a function rich and user-friendly GIS integrated system, developed carefully through extensive consultation with internationally recognized experts in wild fires, within the joint projector between International Cooperation Agency of Japan (JICA) and the national Center for Crisis Management (CMC), national enterprise Macedonian Forests (PEMF), Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management (MAFWM), national Hydro-Meteorological Agency, Faculty of Forestry, Firefighting Union of Macedonia, and the Regional Fire Monitoring Center (RFMC).

FFIS is used for:

- Data creation - entering and maintaining data at various locations (for Hydro-Meteorological, Forests, Fire-Fighting Resources and Historical data),

- Data acquisition - gathering, integration, and processing at centralized location (calculation of Fire Weather Index, and risk assessment),

- Data publication - sharing and dissemination of data and information (via Intra and Internet) to support decision-making, policy-analysis, and formulation, planning, monitoring and management at all levels of a national crises management system.

FFIS integrates the following software modules (standalone applications) aimed for:

1. Entering and updating the Forest Inventory data, as well data on fire Damaged area (at PEMF using GIS desktops, as well in the field using iPAD);

  • GIS map and attribute information on levels of National, Regional, Municipal, Management Unit, Compartment, and Sub Compartment respective polygons (Boundary GIS data), assigning IDs accompanied by attributes: Site description (surface footage, location type, altitude, exposure, inclination, direction of slope, relief, geological base, type and main features of the land, etc.), Plantation description (Phytocoenosis, cultivation type, health state, perseverance and type of offspring, Tree type, Composition, Even/Uneven aged, Thickness class, accumulation per hectare, diameter, economy value, fire resilience class, etc.), Forest melioration scope of activities, Records of performed activities, Records of activities per years, Annual Plans, Logging, Thinning, etc.
  • Easy and quick input of the forest fire damage data in the field, Select and Edit map layer and attributes of the object, Use GPS and get the coordinates of the current location, Change base map to Satellite image, or Topology map, layers polygon data of Forest Fire Damaged Area, Clear Cuts, Afforestation, Roads, On a large Area, Circular, In belts, Firefighting cuts, for Transmission towers, Ski trails, Natural movement of forest’ upper boundaries, In belts, Protective forest belts, Fire-Fighting resources, Demography, etc.

2. Acquiring data from Ground Weather Stations (GWS) and Satellites (through national Hydro-Meteorological Agency):

  • Field (GWS) data acquisition of: GWS Station ID, name, GPS coordinates, Observed date and time, Meteorological data (rainfall of past 24 hours, air pressure, temperatures, humidity, wind speed and direction, sun radiation, soil temperature) measured by GWS is collected every 10 minutes by Hydro Met, and being transmitted to and registered into Internet GIS Server at CMC HQ;
  • Satellite data acquisition of: MODIS satellite data acquired real-time from EUMETSAT in four frequency bands for creation of Hot Spot Map, and for Vegetation Dryness Map; MSG2 satellite data acquired real- time in two frequency bands, used for the 2nd comparing and increasing the reliability; GWS Meteorological data, and MODIS and MSG2 satellite data securely transferred, and registered into Forest Fire Database at CMC HQ.

3. Acquiring data of forest inventory and data of fire damage survey (through PEMF and MAFWM):

  • Forest Inventory data acquisition of: GIS shape type data of Forest Inventory acquired and registered into both Intranet GIS Server and Internet GIS Server at CMC HQ; Attribute data of Forest Inventory acquired and registered into Internet GIS Server, as well into Database Server by replicating Forest Fire Database in Internet GIS Server to Database Server; Both GIS shape type data and attribute data being regularly transferred from PEMF to CMC HQ over network (alternatively using other media in case of communication fails).
  • Forest-Fire Investigation data acquisition of: Forest fire investigation data (results of forest fire survey) acquired and registered into relevant servers at CMC HQ via network through Internet GIS Server; GIS shape type data of the result of forest fire survey registered into Intranet GIS Server at CMC HQ; The attribute data of the result of forest fire survey finally registered into Database Server at CMC HQ; The data, both GIS shape type and attribute data registered at CMCHQ after inspected by MAFWE.

4. Processing acquired data and Generating information for early identification and warning of forest fire (at CMC HQ):

  • Fire Weather Index map is automatically generated in accordance with Canadian formula using GWS data and interpolation method, shows gradation colors on the map;
  • Other Maps: automatically generated using the internationally standardized methods for: Vegetation Dryness Map, Hot Spot Maps, Forest Fire History map, and Forest Vegetation map.

5. Accumulating the Forest Fire History data for statistical analysis and strategic planning (at CMC HQ. Historical information is accumulated in Network Attached Storage-NAS);

  • Forest fire history data is accumulated and stored to make it available for analysis of forest fires by allowing users to search and output the desired data and maps, as well other various forms of reports.

6. Sharing and disseminating information for Early Identification and Warning of forest fire to relevant organizations and general public (via Intranet and Internet):

  • Information for early identification and warning of forest fires such as Forest Inventory Information, GWS Measurement Data and Information related to Fire Weather Index / Vegetation Dryness, and Attribute data, which is availed to related institutions and to public, are provided by Intranet, as well by Internet GIS Servers;
  • User interface is provided with Web GIS, using Cache Map Data with Bessel 1841 Projection method, including AREC map and Ortho map as base maps unpon which other relevant maps and layers are presented.

For more information, please contact us:

Phone 1: (+ 389 2) 3127 323
Phone 2: (+ 389 2) 3128 462

E-mail: edusoft@edusoft.com.mk